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The Holy Monastery of Saint George and Panagia of Yellow Rock

by Andrew Mellas (November 2019)

“Monasteries came into being even in the mountains and the desert was made a city by monks…”

Saint Athanasius, Life of Saint Antony

A declaration made many centuries ago about monks living in Egypt can echo through space and time, finding its way to the Antipodes, treading the soil of a small village known as Yellow Rock, where today a humble monastery has stood for over half a century. The desire to withdraw from the urban life of a city into the tranquillity of solitude is not confined to the Christian tradition. But following in the footsteps of Christ, who was led by the Spirit into the wilderness for forty days, and luminaries such as Saint Antony the Great and Saint Pachomius, who established monasticism and asceticism in the sands of the Egyptian desert, Christianity has long since embraced the monastic life as the ultimate form of striving towards salvation. In fact, at the very heart of monasticism is a profoundly felt understanding of what it means to cultivate and keep the earth (Genesis 2:15).

Monks know the significance of what it is to be liturgical creatures, to dwell in the church, not unlike a mother’s child in her womb. Like grapes on a vine, they do not move much at all, but the process of viticulture does everything, for they are attached to the life-giving vine that is none other than Christ. They experience a world that is filled with the light of the Resurrection, a universe filled with joy where all the trees of the forest rejoice. And because this is how they cultivate and keep the earth, their presence transfigures the very landscapes they inhabit. 

Yellow Rock is situated on the eastern, lower slopes of the Blue Mountains. Centuries ago, the Gundungurra people made the Blue Mountains their home, well before European settlement. The Indigenous people weave a story of the creation of the Blue Mountains where Dreamtime creatures Mirigan and Garangatch, half fish and half reptile, fought an epic battle that scarred the landscape into the Jamison Valley. 

The Blue Mountains are replete with landscapes that manifest the earth’s motherly love. After all, Australia is far more than a natural landscape; it is a cultural and even mystical landscape that has been experienced by its traditional owners, by those who colonised it and by the waves of migrants that shaped the country into an immigration nation. Its very name—Blue Mountains—has it is origins in the blue tinge on the mountains when the range is viewed from a distance. A scientist would argue this is a natural phenomenon. A monk would see this as a glimpse of the mystery of creation.

Many of the wondrous landscapes in the Blue Mountains remain without a trace of human civilisation. Others have been thoroughly urbanised. Some show the markings of its centuries old Indigenous people. And in the village of Yellow Rock, a monastery stands as a testament to how the Orthodox believe that the divine plays with everything in this world; renewing creation and making all things beautiful.

The Genesis of the Monastery

For fifty years now, the Holy Monastery of Saint George has been under the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia. It is a place of great spiritual and cultural significance for all Orthodox Christians. How it came to be is nothing less than a tale of divine providence. When the Greek couple, Eleni and Dimitrianos Federikou, immigrated to Australia from England they decided in 1962 to purchase a property for the purposes of building a monastery. The purchase was provoked by dreams of the Mother of God, arid landscapes and eucalyptus trees, which Eleni Federikou began having while living in London and continued to experience in Sydney. 

After more than a few twists and turns that almost lead her to Hornsby, again the Mother of God came to Eleni in a dream to tell her that she was looking in the wrong place; the Virgin Mary was to be found elsewhere. Eventually she found herself in Yellow Rock where the monastery stands today, and immediately recognised it as the land that she had seen in her dreams. October the 4th 1962 is when it was purchased for 1600 pounds or thereabouts. The land was virgin land, completely untouched. The surrounding area and what is today Singles Ridge Road was for the most part a dirt track. There were only a few farms.

In 1962, the then Archbishop Ezekiel and Fr Myltiades Chryssavgis celebrated the very first Divine Liturgy at the monastery. It was during the forty-day period after Pascha when the chanting of ‘Christ is risen…’ continues to reverberate throughout Orthodox churches worldwide. Of course, the church building at the monastery had not yet been constructed so the inaugural liturgy was an outdoor one. Nonetheless the backdrop of nature, the joyous paschal hymns and the many faithful who had made the pilgrimage to the Blue Mountains, filled the atmosphere with emotions of wonder and compunction. 

After the liturgy, His Eminence Archbishop Ezekiel turned to Fr Myltiades and told him of his desire to dedicate the monastery to Saint George. Thereafter, they were keen to explore the land of the monastery—land that was still wild and untamed—until they encountered the simple beauty of a creek that gave them cause to stop, rest and reflect on what were the humble beginnings of Australia’s first monastery.

From its early stages when the katholikon (central church of a monastery) of Saint George and a simple house were the only forms of architecture on the grounds of the monastery, it has slowly flourished over time. Today, once having passed through the main entrance and a coruscating mosaic of St George, the path leads down to a set of majestic doors nestled amongst a towering stone archway and winding walls built of incongruous rocks.

There is now a chapel dedicated to Saint John the Theologian and Saint Christodoulos of Patmos. The quarters that will serve as the archontarikion (the guesthouse) are almost complete. Still under construction are the library, the monks’ quarters, an administration building and the chapels of Saint Patapios and the Dormition of the Virgin Mary. The latter will house the icon of Panagia of Yellow Rock and will serve as the cemetery chapel.

Many of the building works and projects undertaken by the Greek-Australian community at the Holy Monastery of Saint George would never have been realised if it were not for the encouragement and blessing of His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos of thrice-blessed memory. Indeed, His Eminence had a special place in his heart for the monastery ever since he visited it a little before his enthronement in 1975. Desiring a day of rest and prayer in the tranquillity of the mountains, His Eminence travelled to the monastery accompanied by Fr Nicholas Tsouloukides and marvelled at the picturesque beauty of Yellow Rock and its surrounds. 

This was to be the first of many visits to the Blue Mountains, including one in 1976 when His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos made an official visit and was given a civic welcome by the Mayor. The local newspaper, the Blue Mountains Advertiser, declared with unabashed ebullience that it was the first time in more than 60 years that a Greek Orthodox Archbishop had graced the region with his presence. 

Various priests have served at the monastery over the past fifty years, including Fr Constantine Christou for 18 years, Fr Victor Penel for 5 years, Fr Theoklytos Tsachourides for 3 years, and occasionally Fr Myltiades Chryssavgis. The present abbot of the monastery, Fr Kyriakos Stavronikitianos, arrived on the 8th of November 1997, the day the Orthodox celebrate the Synaxis of the Holy Archangels.

Panagia of Yellow Rock 

In 2012, to coincide with its 50th anniversary celebrations, the Holy Monastery of Saint George in Yellow Rock commissioned the creation of the icon of ‘Panagia of Yellow Rock’ by the iconographer Peter Stefanovic. The initiative was made possible with the blessing of the primate of the Greek Orthodox Church in Australia, His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos. It is an unprecedented event for the world’s smallest continent and one that bears sacred significance. His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos also gave the blessing for the composition of a special service and supplicatory canon dedicated to Panagia of Yellow Rock, which were written by the hymnographer and Metropolitan of Rhodes, His Eminence Cyril Kogerakis.

With the blessing of His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos and the continuing support of the faithful, the journey came full circle. The role played by the Virgin Mary in making the monastery a reality engendered another holy icon of Panagia; a landmark event for Australia.

The Most Holy Theotokos with her reply to the Archangel Gabriel—“Behold the maidservant of the Lord”—became a fellow worker with God in the mystery of salvation (Elder Tychon of Stavronikita). In the profound words of St Gregory Palamas, the Theotokos is “the cause of all those who have gone before her, and the guardian of all those who come after her.” His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos interpreted this striking phrase in the context of the deification of the human person, which was the pre-eternal will of God, having seen that even after her Dormition, the Mother of God remains close to us through her ceaseless intercessions (The Mystery of the Virgin Mary).

Panagia of Yellow Rock is now in the midst of the Orthodox faithful in the Antipodes in a very intimate way. This did not happen by chance. Nor was she ever absent. She has never ceased and does not cease being the one who leads to heaven those who are here on the earth. But inasmuch as the salvation of humanity is actively experienced as a restoration of the ancient beauty bestowed upon it by its Creator, the Mother of God has made it possible for the whole of human nature to experience divine beauty and even give birth to it by grace. The icon of Panagia of Yellow Rock was slowly hewn from the prayers, works and dreams of the Orthodox who heard the call of the good, the true and the beautiful, and yearned to partake in it.  

50th Anniversary Celebrations

With much anticipation and pious yearning, the fiftieth anniversary celebrations of the monastery were carried out between 2–7 October 2012. These celebrations began with the official unveiling of Panagia of Yellow Rock on the 2nd of October 2012 by His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos at the church hall of St Spyridon, Sydney. At this event, an historical account of the development of St George Monastery was presented as a short video. On 3 October, an all-night vigil took place in honour of Panagia of Yellow Rock, presided by His Grace Bishop Iakovos of Miletoupolis. The vigil included numerous services according to the monastic traditions of Mount Athos and concluded with the Divine Liturgy. On 7 October, the 50th anniversary celebrations culminated in a Divine Liturgy that was presided by His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos and attended by hundreds of pilgrims from all around Sydney and across Australia.

The 2013 Fires and the Work to Reopen the Monastery

On the 17th of October 2013, a devastating fire swept through the Springwood, Winmalee, and Yellow Rock that caused significant damage to the monastery. While the katholikon, chapel, and archontarikion miraculously survived, the lodgings of the abbot were destroyed, along with the foundations of other works and utilities and services that were essential for the monastery to function. 

The grounds became too dangerous for public access. Indeed, following the 2013 fires, new Blue Mountains building restrictions were passed to address safety concerns in the event of new fires. Each building structure must have adequate sprinkler systems and fire hydrants in place, and all structures must meet fire-rated specifications. Work has begun to rebuild the monastery and comply with the new requirements, however, substantial work is still needed before the monastery can fully reopen. The monastery, which has long been a spiritual haven for the Orthodox faithful in the Antipodes, is currently a construction site, making it unsafe for the public. 

There is, however, hope out of all this devastation. With the blessing of His Eminence Archbishop Stylianos, in 2018 a concerted effort was initiated to raise the funds needed to reopen the monastery as soon as possible. With the support and generosity of the faithful, many of the works required before the monastery can reopen are underway.

Historic Visit to the Monastery by His Eminence Archbishop Makarios

After the repose in the Lord of Archbishop Stylianos on 25 March 2019, the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate unanimously elected Bishop Makarios Griniezakis as the new Archbishop of Australia. Soon after his enthronement as Archbishop of Australia, His Eminence visited the Holy Monastery of Saint George on 17 July 2019. The abbot of the monastery, Fr Kyriakos, together with faithful and clergy who had travelled from across Sydney to be present for this historic occasion, welcomed Archbishop Makarios to the Holy Monastery with love and respect. In the katholikon of the monastery, the Archbishop and the abbot spoke to each other with heartfelt words and exchanged sacred gifts. The event concluded with a humble reception in the archontarikion


In a world still reeling from the project of modernity, filled with impersonal institutions, economies of agglomeration and the inexorable rise of technology, Christianity has not forgotten the desert, the valleys and the mountains, which groan and eagerly await the transformation of creation into a place of divine dominion by those who understand what it means to cultivate and keep the earth. Where some people saw untamed mountains and forbidding landscapes, others who love Christ saw a place that manifests divine beauty. While the devastating fires of 2013 have been heartbreaking, when the Holy Monastery of Saint George one day reopens, it will once again be a witness to the world of the significance of creation. Creation has immense value because it is a manifestation of God’s love. The Holy Monastery will manifest a world transformed by Christ’s Incarnation, Passion and Resurrection. It will be a living testament of Christianity’s essence, of the destiny of humankind; to live a life in Christ and experience the uncreated light that knows no evening. 

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